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Country statistics and country information Central African Republic

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Geography
Area (sq km)622,984201545
Coastline (km)02017199
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.352015188
HDI rank18820151
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)4201197
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)18820111
Population
Total population4,900,2702015119
Population in 20306,490,0802015114
Average annual growth (%) 2000/20051.70201580
Average annual growth (%) 2010/20151.95201563
Urban population (%) 201540.042015138
Population under age 5708,000201595
Population Age 15-642,797,0002015125
Population age 65 and older188,0002015133
Median age (years)20.022015143
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)68.40201543
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 20156.752015122
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20055.30201532
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20154.41201538
Mother s mean age at first birth---2010
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)19.002005134
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-201561.002015138
Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)51.462015187
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-201540.70201515
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 100091.5020152
Mortality rates Under-five per 1000130.1020154
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201515.842015167
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)88220152
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.00000.482014177
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)1.002010153
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.00011520123
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.00048.00201421
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.0003.70201516
Infants lacking immunization DTP 201431.0020147
Infants lacking immunization Measles 201451.0020144
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB2.062014153
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015349.0020153
Education
Expected years of schooling (years)7.102015187
Mean years of schooling (years)4.232015167
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-201536.752015148
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-201526.972015150
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-201548.862015147
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-20180.1220141
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-20141.232014142
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 20020.892015148
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-20155.592015166
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-20193.462015159
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 201017.382015171
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-22.772015155
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho53.4420158
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-201557.922015101
Economy
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)587.472015192
GDP - per capita (PPP)700.002013220
GDP - per capita (PPP)562.192011185
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)3,336,000,000.002013177
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)2.752011164
GDP - real growth rate (%)-14.502013217
Exports in US-Dollar138,900,000.002013184
Imports in US-Dollar218,600,000.002013200
External Debt in US-Dollar634,200,000.002013170
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-201436.72201359
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)7.00201336
Industrial production growth rate (%)-11.002013192
Current account balance0.00201379
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold---2013
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home---2013
Market value of publicly traded shares---2011
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-4.102013151
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-20149.392014123
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-20146.902014127
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-2014---2014
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-201534.772015123
Total debt service (% of GNI) 20140.91201495
Employment
Labor force2,082,0002013120
Employment to population ratio 201572.05201524
Labour force participation rate 201578.00201521
Employment in agriculture 2010-2014---2014
Employment in services 2010-2014---2014
Unemployment Total 20157.63201580
Unemployment Youth 201512.312015111
Youth not in school or employment 2010-2014---2014
Vulnerable employment 2005-2014---2014
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)29.00201515
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-201381.31201316
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)98201590
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population---2013
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/2014---2015
Traffic
Airports39.002016106
Roadways (km)20,278.002010107
Railways (km)---2008
Waterways (km)2.80201578
Military
Military expenditures (% of GDP)---2013
Agriculture
Irrigated land (sq km)1.352008172
Communication
Telephones - main lines in use5,6002012207
Telephones - mobile cellular1,070,0002012156
Internet users22,6002009190
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)0.062013187
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)293,9002011187
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/2013-0.292015120
Total renewable water resources (cu km)144.40201155
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-20140.052015132
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-20140.062014157
Forest area (% of total land area)35.59201577
Forest area change (%) 1990-2015-1.732015110
Energy
Electricity - production (kWh)160,000,0002011182
Electricity - consumption (kWh)148,800,0002010188
Electricity - imports (kWh)02012129
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)44,0002010191
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)43.202010165
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)56.80201035
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)0.002010120
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)0.002010169
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)02012160
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)02010100
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)02010223
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)02010117
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)02011181
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)3,1752011226
Natural gas - production (cu m)02011116
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)02010183
Natural gas - exports (cu m)0201182
Natural gas - imports (cu m)02011176
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)02013124
Prices
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015186.8620157
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-2014---2014
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-2014---2014
Human security
Refugees by country of origin471,10420157
Internally displaced persons452,000201518
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)919.9120158
Orphaned children300,000201429
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-2015162015188
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-201413.20201425
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 20125.30201260
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201214201275
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-201529.80201539
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-2015---2015
Safety Index (Numbeo)---2017
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)---2017
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.032015179
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)91.94201527
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)5.642015163
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)79.772015173
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)11.812015169
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)1.062015101
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-20150.412015161
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)1.132015104
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)---2015
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)---2014
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)12.502015145
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)23.702015172
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-2013---2013
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/2015---2015
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014-1.30201422
Coefficient of human inequality43.1520152
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 2010201545.7020153
Inequality in education (%)34.55201541
Inequality in income (%)49.1920155
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-201518.2720156
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-20154.4820155
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-201556.2420155
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)61.3020105
GINI index (World Bank)---2016
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP---2011
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP---2011
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP---2011
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 20306.802015144
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)0.79201619
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)0.51201634
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.83200310
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.83200313
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.7920038
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