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Country statistics and country information Germany

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Geography
Area (sq km)357,022201563
Coastline (km)2,389201752
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.9320154
HDI rank42015185
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)13201147
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)42011184
Population
Total population80,688,500201516
Population in 203079,294,100201520
Average annual growth (%) 2000/2005-0.162015179
Average annual growth (%) 2010/20150.062015171
Urban population (%) 201575.30201553
Population under age 53,384,000201542
Population Age 15-6453,152,000201517
Population age 65 and older17,138,00020156
Median age (years)46.2220152
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)19.562015180
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 201532.2420155
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20051.352015164
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20151.392015174
Mother s mean age at first birth29.20201013
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)66.20200549
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-2015100.0020156
Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)81.09201522
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-20151.302015142
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 10003.102015172
Mortality rates Under-five per 10003.702015173
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201523.51201527
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)62015164
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.000038.89201418
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)8.3020108
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.000---2012
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.0000.402014166
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.000---2015
Infants lacking immunization DTP 20142.002014105
Infants lacking immunization Measles 20143.002014139
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB8.70201412
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015---2015
Education
Expected years of schooling (years)17.10201512
Mean years of schooling (years)13.1920154
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-2015---2015
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-2015---2015
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-2015---2015
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-20112.302014142
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-20144.94201461
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 20096.66201518
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-2015110.8820155
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-201103.34201595
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 2010102.43201536
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-265.47201534
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho3.522015115
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-2015---2015
Economy
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)44,999.60201517
GDP - per capita (PPP)39,500.00201328
GDP - per capita (PPP)44,053.10201116
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)3,227,000,000,000.0020135
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)3,586.5020115
GDP - real growth rate (%)0.502013184
Exports in US-Dollar1,493,000,000,000.0020133
Imports in US-Dollar1,233,000,000,000.0020133
External Debt in US-Dollar5,717,000,000,000.0020133
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-2014---2013
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)1.602013175
Industrial production growth rate (%)-0.302013167
Current account balance0.0020131
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold248,900,000,000.00201312
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home1,335,000,000,000.0020135
Market value of publicly traded shares1,184,000,000,000.00201120
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)0.10201341
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-201411.542014111
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-201416.46201496
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-20142.8720149
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-2015135.13201527
Total debt service (% of GNI) 2014---2014
Employment
Labor force44,200,000201314
Employment to population ratio 201557.56201599
Labour force participation rate 201560.342015117
Employment in agriculture 2010-20141.302014118
Employment in services 2010-201470.40201438
Unemployment Total 20154.612015135
Unemployment Youth 20157.082015151
Youth not in school or employment 2010-20146.36201490
Vulnerable employment 2005-20146.302014119
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)---2015
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-2013---2013
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)98201560
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population100.0020133
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/2014---2015
Traffic
Airports539.00201613
Roadways (km)645,000.00201011
Railways (km)41,98120086
Waterways (km)7.47201560
Military
Military expenditures (% of GDP)1.35201376
Agriculture
Irrigated land (sq km)5,157.00200855
Communication
Telephones - main lines in use50,700,00020124
Telephones - mobile cellular107,700,000201211
Internet users65,125,00020095
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)9.22201325
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)814,000,00020116
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/2013---2015
Total renewable water resources (cu km)154.00201151
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-201421.42201534
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-20140.042014160
Forest area (% of total land area)32.76201594
Forest area change (%) 1990-20151.22201571
Energy
Electricity - production (kWh)526,600,000,00020119
Electricity - consumption (kWh)582,500,000,00020106
Electricity - imports (kWh)46,270,000,00020122
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)178,400,00020106
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)51.002010153
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)6.002010123
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)7.00201042
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)36.0020103
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)169,500201241
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)14,260201058
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)1,876,000201012
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)254,200,000201055
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)2,198,000201114
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)2,400,000201116
Natural gas - production (cu m)9,000,000,000201143
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)75,200,000,000201016
Natural gas - exports (cu m)18,170,000,000201118
Natural gas - imports (cu m)87,960,000,00020113
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)125,000,000,000201351
Prices
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015106.902015153
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-20141.542014133
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-20145.60201493
Human security
Refugees by country of origin1612015132
Internally displaced persons---2015
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)0.002015113
Orphaned children---2014
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-2015782015136
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-20140.902014159
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 20124.10201289
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201215201272
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-201522.00201564
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-20157.00201517
Safety Index (Numbeo)67.36201733
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)32.64201778
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.06201527
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)6.692015168
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)110.4420156
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)102.98201591
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)99.52201553
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)0.922015155
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-20150.99201559
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)0.832015158
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)48.30201530
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)30.26201463
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)36.86201524
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)34.28201524
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-2013120139
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/2015-4.302015125
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014---2014
Coefficient of human inequality7.012015142
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 201020153.702015168
Inequality in education (%)2.582015149
Inequality in income (%)14.752015126
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-20154.622015122
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-20151.102015126
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-201530.132015126
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)27.002010129
GINI index (World Bank)30.702016106
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)24.302017103
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)39.202017106
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)3.37201731
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)8.27201732
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)17.07201726
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP33,333.00201183
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP100,000.00201194
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP166,666.002011103
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 203047.7020153
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)0.102016144
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)0.092016125
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.172003150
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.162003139
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.66200345
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