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Country statistics and country information Myanmar

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Geography
Area (sq km)676,578201540
Coastline (km)1,930201757
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.562015145
HDI rank145201544
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)-62011139
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)146201143
Population
Total population53,897,200201525
Population in 203060,242,200201527
Average annual growth (%) 2000/20050.952015124
Average annual growth (%) 2010/20150.822015124
Urban population (%) 201534.102015156
Population under age 54,565,000201529
Population Age 15-6436,161,000201525
Population age 65 and older2,889,000201533
Median age (years)27.89201591
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)41.07201596
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 20157.992015100
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20052.85201584
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20152.252015101
Mother s mean age at first birth22.80201073
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)46.00200594
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-201572.002015128
Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)66.122015141
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-201535.10201527
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 100039.50201543
Mortality rates Under-five per 100050.00201544
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201516.682015151
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)178201553
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.00006.122014119
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)0.602010175
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.00011201245
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.00053.00201415
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.0000.80201546
Infants lacking immunization DTP 201410.00201444
Infants lacking immunization Measles 201414.00201458
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB1.042014185
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015108.00201539
Education
Expected years of schooling (years)9.072015172
Mean years of schooling (years)4.742015159
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-201593.09201577
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-201596.31201588
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-201596.33201588
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-20127.56201453
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-2014---2014
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 20023.762015143
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-201523.462015137
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-20199.662015130
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 201051.302015140
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-213.532015118
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho25.21201541
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-201599.55201524
Economy
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)4,943.132015139
GDP - per capita (PPP)1,700.002013197
GDP - per capita (PPP)---2011
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)111,100,000,000.00201370
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)---2011
GDP - real growth rate (%)6.80201326
Exports in US-Dollar9,043,000,000.00201398
Imports in US-Dollar10,110,000,000.002013100
External Debt in US-Dollar5,379,000,000.002013115
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-201410.212013113
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)5.70201358
Industrial production growth rate (%)11.4020139
Current account balance0.002013153
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold8,278,000,000.00201376
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home---2013
Market value of publicly traded shares---2011
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-3.402013134
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-2014---2014
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-201425.22201461
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-2014---2014
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-201532.072015130
Total debt service (% of GNI) 20140.102014117
Employment
Labor force34,310,000201318
Employment to population ratio 201574.34201519
Labour force participation rate 201577.99201522
Employment in agriculture 2010-2014---2014
Employment in services 2010-2014---2014
Unemployment Total 20154.682015133
Unemployment Youth 201512.122015116
Youth not in school or employment 2010-2014---2014
Vulnerable employment 2005-2014---2014
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)---2015
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-201382.62201312
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)98201573
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population---2013
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/2014---2015
Traffic
Airports64.00201677
Roadways (km)34,377.00201093
Railways (km)5,031200836
Waterways (km)12.80201551
Military
Military expenditures (% of GDP)---2013
Agriculture
Irrigated land (sq km)21,100.00200824
Communication
Telephones - main lines in use556,000201295
Telephones - mobile cellular5,440,0002012106
Internet users110,0002009157
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)0.242013168
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)13,670,000201192
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/20133.76201530
Total renewable water resources (cu km)1,168.00201113
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-2014---2015
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-20143.95201474
Forest area (% of total land area)44.47201554
Forest area change (%) 1990-2015-25.902015167
Energy
Electricity - production (kWh)7,346,000,0002011103
Electricity - consumption (kWh)6,093,000,0002010106
Electricity - imports (kWh)02012120
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)1,713,0002010108
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)53.302010146
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)46.70201047
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)0.002010102
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)0.002010157
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)20,830201276
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)0201087
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)02010211
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)50,000,000201077
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)18,9202011141
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)40,6202011153
Natural gas - production (cu m)11,910,000,000201138
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)3,240,000,0002010119
Natural gas - exports (cu m)8,570,000,000201129
Natural gas - imports (cu m)02011161
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)283,200,000,000201340
Prices
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015131.42201551
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-20148.49201412
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-20148.10201459
Human security
Refugees by country of origin198,685201516
Internally displaced persons644,000201514
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)15.06201591
Orphaned children---2014
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-20151132015111
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-20142.502014126
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 201210.30201215
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201217201260
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-2015---2015
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-2015---2015
Safety Index (Numbeo)---2017
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)---2017
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.032015162
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)16.482015132
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)23.892015135
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)98.292015137
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)51.952015134
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)1.10201576
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-20151.3620152
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)1.17201597
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)---2015
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)---2014
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)13.032015140
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)25.522015148
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-2013---2013
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/2015---2015
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014---2014
Coefficient of human inequality---2015
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 2010201526.00201549
Inequality in education (%)19.44201575
Inequality in income (%)---2015
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-2015---2015
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-2015---2015
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-2015---2015
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)---2010
GINI index (World Bank)38.10201656
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)31.70201738
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)45.70201755
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)3.00201755
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)7.30201759
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)15.00201782
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP3,400,000.00201132
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP15,800,000.00201115
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP35,600,000.00201114
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 203012.50201599
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)0.52201672
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)0.42201651
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.51200384
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.51200373
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.202003175
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