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Country statistics and country information Serbia

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Area (sq km)77,4742015117
Coastline (km)02017220
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.78201567
HDI rank662015123
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)22201115
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)662011123
Total population8,850,980201593
Population in 20308,281,0502015105
Average annual growth (%) 2000/2005-0.592015187
Average annual growth (%) 2010/2015-0.472015188
Urban population (%) 201555.552015104
Population under age 5451,0002015113
Population Age 15-645,897,000201590
Population age 65 and older1,511,000201554
Median age (years)40.58201528
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)24.472015150
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 201525.64201526
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20051.712015146
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20151.562015156
Mother s mean age at first birth27.50201031
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)60.80200565
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-201599.00201563
Life expectancy at birth (years)75.05201569
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-20156.002015127
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 10005.902015147
Mortality rates Under-five per 10006.702015149
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201519.12201591
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)172015132
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.000021.12201467
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)5.40201032
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.000---2012
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.0001.402014135
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.000---2015
Infants lacking immunization DTP 20143.00201494
Infants lacking immunization Measles 201414.00201457
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB6.42201433
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015---2015
Expected years of schooling (years)14.36201561
Mean years of schooling (years)10.82201553
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-201598.11201537
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-201598.40201578
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-201598.59201563
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-20115.712014114
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-20144.43201481
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 20086.73201546
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-201559.16201599
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-201101.132015117
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 201094.34201570
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-258.06201546
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho1.702015134
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-201555.732015105
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)12,202.10201588
GDP - per capita (PPP)11,100.002013107
GDP - per capita (PPP)12,863.10201185
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)80,470,000,000.00201380
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)91.31201179
GDP - real growth rate (%)2.002013142
Exports in US-Dollar14,610,000,000.00201381
Imports in US-Dollar20,540,000,000.00201377
External Debt in US-Dollar33,600,000,000.00201370
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-201478.66201316
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)2.202013143
Industrial production growth rate (%)5.50201349
Current account balance0.002013137
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold15,870,000,000.00201366
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home26,410,000,000.00201366
Market value of publicly traded shares7,451,000,000.002011123
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-4.902013164
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-201419.72201444
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-20147.602014126
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-20140.78201444
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-201555.47201588
Total debt service (% of GNI) 201419.5520143
Labor force1,703,0002013124
Employment to population ratio 201541.652015157
Labour force participation rate 201551.452015158
Employment in agriculture 2010-201421.30201448
Employment in services 2010-201452.90201487
Unemployment Total 201519.04201520
Unemployment Youth 201545.25201512
Youth not in school or employment 2010-201419.54201439
Vulnerable employment 2005-201428.60201468
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)10.00201564
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-20130.432013112
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)135201523
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population46.10201393
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/2014-0.79201551
Roadways (km)44,248.00201081
Railways (km)3,809200846
Waterways (km)587.00201516
Military expenditures (% of GDP)2.21201336
Irrigated land (sq km)919.60200899
Telephones - main lines in use2,977,000201250
Telephones - mobile cellular9,138,000201285
Internet users4,107,000200957
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)6.26201347
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)62,000,000201153
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/2013---2015
Total renewable water resources (cu km)162.20201149
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-20142.56201592
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-2014---2014
Forest area (% of total land area)31.102015100
Forest area change (%) 1990-20159.85201544
Electricity - production (kWh)37,650,000,000201160
Electricity - consumption (kWh)28,040,000,000201062
Electricity - imports (kWh)5,835,000,000201235
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)7,379,000201067
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)57.502010136
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)39.00201061
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)0.002010217
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)3.50201056
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)24,500201273
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)02010171
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)33,3302010110
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)77,500,000201074
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)65,7202011125
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)72,7702011137
Natural gas - production (cu m)484,700,000201170
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)2,827,000,0002010124
Natural gas - exports (cu m)02011167
Natural gas - imports (cu m)2,450,000,000201144
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)48,140,000,000201365
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015132.96201548
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-20143.96201476
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-20148.50201452
Human security
Refugees by country of origin---2015
Internally displaced persons---2015
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)14.79201592
Orphaned children---2014
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-2015148201580
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-20141.302014149
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 20125.80201251
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201220201244
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-2015---2015
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-2015---2015
Safety Index (Numbeo)61.20201742
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)38.80201769
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.05201586
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)19.012015125
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)59.35201597
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)101.362015106
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)95.41201571
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)1.042015108
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-20150.902015107
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)1.122015110
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)47.00201544
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)32.72201451
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)34.00201531
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)29.51201586
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-20131201339
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/2015---2015
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014-21.60201462
Coefficient of human inequality11.132015113
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 201020157.902015130
Inequality in education (%)8.132015114
Inequality in income (%)17.372015112
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-20154.412015127
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-20151.052015127
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-201529.062015128
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)38.00201072
GINI index (World Bank)29.352016110
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)23.052017114
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)38.002017113
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)3.45201729
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)8.50201725
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)17.45201714
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP0.002011120
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP100,000.00201198
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP700,000.00201182
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 203032.70201536
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)---2016
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)---2016
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.57200368
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.002003212
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.002003213

Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)

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