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Country statistics and country information Sudan

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Area (sq km)1,861,480201516
Coastline (km)853201788
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.492015165
HDI rank165201524
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)-222011170
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)165201124
Total population40,234,900201533
Population in 203056,443,000201530
Average annual growth (%) 2000/20052.61201537
Average annual growth (%) 2010/20152.16201555
Urban population (%) 201533.812015157
Population under age 55,952,000201521
Population Age 15-6422,601,000201536
Population age 65 and older1,340,000201558
Median age (years)19.442015147
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)72.11201537
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 20155.932015139
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20055.25201535
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20154.46201536
Mother s mean age at first birth---2010
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)9.002005153
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-201567.002015133
Life expectancy at birth (years)63.732015153
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-201538.20201521
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 100047.60201531
Mortality rates Under-five per 100070.10201527
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201517.762015123
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)311201541
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.00002.802014139
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)0.702010168
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.00016201242
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.00021.00201443
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.0000.30201585
Infants lacking immunization DTP 20141.002014190
Infants lacking immunization Measles 201414.00201460
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB1.802014164
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015176.00201522
Expected years of schooling (years)7.212015186
Mean years of schooling (years)3.522015173
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-201575.902015112
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-201587.812015108
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-201591.292015104
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-20125.33201463
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-2014---2014
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 20016.312015152
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-201534.272015123
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-20170.402015179
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 201042.702015150
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-216.922015111
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho20.57201552
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-201559.722015100
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)3,846.372015143
GDP - per capita (PPP)2,600.002013178
GDP - per capita (PPP)3,927.492011135
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)89,970,000,000.00201378
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)158.02201168
GDP - real growth rate (%)3.90201383
Exports in US-Dollar4,145,000,000.002013118
Imports in US-Dollar5,941,000,000.002013119
External Debt in US-Dollar40,920,000,000.00201364
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-201430.57201369
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)25.0020135
Industrial production growth rate (%)11.00201311
Current account balance0.002013142
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold202,200,000.002013158
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home---2013
Market value of publicly traded shares---2011
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-4.402013158
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-2014---2014
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-2014---2014
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-20140.30201481
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-201520.942015149
Total debt service (% of GNI) 20140.372014108
Labor force11,920,000201344
Employment to population ratio 201541.582015160
Labour force participation rate 201548.112015167
Employment in agriculture 2010-201444.60201422
Employment in services 2010-201440.102014110
Unemployment Total 201513.58201534
Unemployment Youth 201522.49201549
Youth not in school or employment 2010-2014---2014
Vulnerable employment 2005-2014---2014
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)25.00201530
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-201327.57201355
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)562015163
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population4.602013160
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/2014---2015
Roadways (km)11,900.002010128
Railways (km)5,978200830
Waterways (km)4.07201568
Military expenditures (% of GDP)---2013
Irrigated land (sq km)18,900.00200827
Telephones - main lines in use425,0002012101
Telephones - mobile cellular27,659,000201238
Internet users4,200,000200956
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)0.312013163
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)16,450,000201188
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/20131.85201574
Total renewable water resources (cu km)64.50201184
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-201471.24201512
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-20143.56201478
Forest area (% of total land area)8.082015152
Forest area change (%) 1990-2015-37.482015176
Electricity - production (kWh)7,193,000,0002011108
Electricity - consumption (kWh)5,665,000,0002010109
Electricity - imports (kWh)02012200
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)2,083,0002010100
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)30.702010180
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)66.30201028
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)0.002010231
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)3.00201062
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)28,830201268
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)97,270201037
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)02010173
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)1,250,000,000201039
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)124,9002011116
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)95,4502011128
Natural gas - production (cu m)02011191
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)02010244
Natural gas - exports (cu m)02011183
Natural gas - imports (cu m)02011130
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)21,240,000,000201375
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015348.9920152
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-2014---2014
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-2014---2014
Human security
Refugees by country of origin622,46320155
Internally displaced persons3,182,00020154
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)556.05201514
Orphaned children---2014
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-2015502015169
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-20146.50201474
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 201211.50201212
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201223201233
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-2015---2015
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-2015---2015
Safety Index (Numbeo)---2017
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)---2017
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.042015142
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)74.04201544
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)35.452015120
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)66.652015177
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)41.482015142
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)1.20201537
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-20150.732015131
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)1.70201533
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)---2015
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)---2014
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)31.04201538
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)26.182015136
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-2013---2013
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/2015-1.22201556
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014---2014
Coefficient of human inequality---2015
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 2010201531.80201532
Inequality in education (%)42.67201518
Inequality in income (%)---2015
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-20156.21201588
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-20151.44201589
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-201535.39201587
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)---2010
GINI index (World Bank)---2016
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP---2011
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP---2011
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP---2011
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 20306.802015143
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)0.71201636
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)0.7020163
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.71200332
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.72200335
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.432003117

Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)

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