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Country statistics and country information Spain

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Area (sq km)505,370201552
Coastline (km)4,964201727
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.88201527
HDI rank272015162
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)7201176
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)262011163
Total population46,121,700201529
Population in 203045,919,700201536
Average annual growth (%) 2000/20051.47201592
Average annual growth (%) 2010/2015-0.212015181
Urban population (%) 201579.58201539
Population under age 52,144,000201560
Population Age 15-6430,593,000201529
Population age 65 and older8,666,000201512
Median age (years)43.1520159
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)22.442015164
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 201528.33201515
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20051.292015171
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20151.322015179
Mother s mean age at first birth29.8020109
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)65.70200550
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-2015100.0020152
Life expectancy at birth (years)82.7720156
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-2015---2015
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 10003.502015165
Mortality rates Under-five per 10004.102015168
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201524.7920159
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)52015172
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.000049.4920146
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)3.20201071
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.000---2012
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.0000.502014156
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.0000.40201569
Infants lacking immunization DTP 20141.002014141
Infants lacking immunization Measles 20144.002014131
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB6.40201434
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015---2015
Expected years of schooling (years)17.7020157
Mean years of schooling (years)9.79201571
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-201598.10201538
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-201599.77201524
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-201599.72201527
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-20112.602014139
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-20144.30201485
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 20073.71201568
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-201598.05201524
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-201104.69201583
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 2010130.1720156
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-289.0720153
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho3.662015111
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-2015---2015
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)32,778.50201534
GDP - per capita (PPP)30,100.00201345
GDP - per capita (PPP)32,814.50201131
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)1,389,000,000,000.00201314
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)1,523.19201116
GDP - real growth rate (%)-1.302013203
Exports in US-Dollar458,000,000,000.00201312
Imports in US-Dollar431,000,000,000.00201313
External Debt in US-Dollar2,278,000,000,000.0020139
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-2014---2013
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)1.802013164
Industrial production growth rate (%)-1.202013179
Current account balance0.00201339
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold50,590,000,000.00201338
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home779,500,000,000.00201310
Market value of publicly traded shares1,031,000,000,000.00201124
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-6.802013184
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-201412.212014108
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-201428.17201446
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-20141.23201431
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-2015193.6320159
Total debt service (% of GNI) 2014---2014
Labor force23,200,000201328
Employment to population ratio 201545.282015147
Labour force participation rate 201558.392015130
Employment in agriculture 2010-20144.20201494
Employment in services 2010-201476.30201422
Unemployment Total 201522.44201513
Unemployment Youth 201549.3720158
Youth not in school or employment 2010-201417.14201449
Vulnerable employment 2005-201412.50201498
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)---2015
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-2013---2013
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)112201549
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population68.20201375
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/2014---2015
Roadways (km)683,175.00201010
Railways (km)15,293200819
Waterways (km)1.002015108
Military expenditures (% of GDP)0.862013110
Irrigated land (sq km)34,700.00200817
Telephones - main lines in use19,220,000201215
Telephones - mobile cellular50,663,000201228
Internet users28,119,000200914
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)5.08201361
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)318,600,000201118
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/2013-0.442015124
Total renewable water resources (cu km)111.50201162
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-201432.96201524
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-20140.032014161
Forest area (% of total land area)36.82201574
Forest area change (%) 1990-201533.17201515
Electricity - production (kWh)276,800,000,000201114
Electricity - consumption (kWh)249,700,000,000201013
Electricity - imports (kWh)8,209,000,000201228
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)101,700,000201011
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)48.702010157
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)13.002010106
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)7.30201040
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)25.8020105
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)29,290201267
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)02010184
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)1,061,000201022
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)150,000,000201064
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)1,189,000201134
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)1,384,000201130
Natural gas - production (cu m)61,000,000201184
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)35,820,000,000201050
Natural gas - exports (cu m)4,414,000,000201135
Natural gas - imports (cu m)36,750,000,000201115
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)2,548,000,000201397
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015106.522015156
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-20142.012014122
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-20148.40201453
Human security
Refugees by country of origin592015149
Internally displaced persons---2015
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)29.73201575
Orphaned children---2014
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-2015136201590
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-20140.702014173
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 20122.202012129
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201282012115
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-201513.00201588
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-20153.00201538
Safety Index (Numbeo)69.96201727
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)30.04201784
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.06201534
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)8.422015160
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)97.80201524
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)105.27201569
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)130.4120156
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)0.992015133
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-20150.922015100
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)1.152015100
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)48.60201528
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)29.76201465
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)37.99201518
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)36.1320156
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-20130201366
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/2015-3.302015111
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014---2014
Coefficient of human inequality10.142015119
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 201020153.502015175
Inequality in education (%)5.072015133
Inequality in income (%)21.85201574
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-20157.26201568
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-20151.46201587
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-201535.89201583
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)32.002010107
GINI index (World Bank)35.72201668
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)25.92201788
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)41.80201776
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)1.94201797
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)5.96201785
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)16.94201733
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP420,000.00201154
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP700,000.00201166
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP1,340,000.00201173
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 203041.4020159
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)0.50201678
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)0.26201682
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.422003100
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.41200389
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.452003109

Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)

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