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Country statistics and country information Romania

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Geography
Area (sq km)238,391201583
Coastline (km)2252017131
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.80201550
HDI rank502015139
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)11201162
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)512011137
Population
Total population19,511,300201558
Population in 203017,639,300201574
Average annual growth (%) 2000/2005-0.662015190
Average annual growth (%) 2010/2015-0.792015190
Urban population (%) 201554.562015108
Population under age 5924,000201587
Population Age 15-6413,106,000201553
Population age 65 and older3,378,000201531
Median age (years)42.14201517
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)23.112015158
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 201525.78201525
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20051.322015166
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20151.482015167
Mother s mean age at first birth26.00201043
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)69.80200535
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-2015---2015
Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)74.84201576
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-201512.80201598
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 10009.702015129
Mortality rates Under-five per 100011.102015129
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201519.76201578
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)312015111
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.000024.48201459
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)6.30201021
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.000---2012
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.0005.50201486
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.000---2015
Infants lacking immunization DTP 20142.002014116
Infants lacking immunization Measles 201411.00201468
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB4.47201467
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015---2015
Education
Expected years of schooling (years)14.74201555
Mean years of schooling (years)10.80201555
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-201598.77201531
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-201599.29201553
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-201599.29201542
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-20117.562014100
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-20142.942014119
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 20089.05201540
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-201590.46201546
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-20195.542015154
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 201094.78201568
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-253.22201550
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho5.95201599
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-2015---2015
Economy
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)19,427.60201561
GDP - per capita (PPP)14,400.00201390
GDP - per capita (PPP)19,925.50201159
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)288,500,000,000.00201344
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)395.17201142
GDP - real growth rate (%)3.50201396
Exports in US-Dollar65,840,000,000.00201351
Imports in US-Dollar73,420,000,000.00201340
External Debt in US-Dollar131,600,000,000.00201341
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-201457.00201335
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)3.202013103
Industrial production growth rate (%)8.00201326
Current account balance0.002013143
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold48,780,000,000.00201340
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home84,040,000,000.00201347
Market value of publicly traded shares31,710,000,000.002011103
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-2.502013105
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-201418.02201459
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-201418.66201488
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-20140.38201470
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-201537.512015116
Total debt service (% of GNI) 201412.5120146
Employment
Labor force9,451,000201350
Employment to population ratio 201552.022015129
Labour force participation rate 201555.882015136
Employment in agriculture 2010-201425.40201442
Employment in services 2010-201444.502014104
Unemployment Total 20156.91201593
Unemployment Youth 201523.12201547
Youth not in school or employment 2010-201417.01201451
Vulnerable employment 2005-201430.90201460
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)1.002015110
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-2013---2013
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)126201530
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population98.00201333
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/2014-0.93201554
Traffic
Airports45.00201697
Roadways (km)84,185.00201055
Railways (km)10,777200822
Waterways (km)1.73201589
Military
Military expenditures (% of GDP)1.29201378
Agriculture
Irrigated land (sq km)6,153.00200851
Communication
Telephones - main lines in use4,680,000201232
Telephones - mobile cellular22,700,000201245
Internet users7,787,000200937
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)3.54201381
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)86,190,000201140
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/2013-2.832015157
Total renewable water resources (cu km)211.90201140
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-20143.03201585
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-20141.002014116
Forest area (% of total land area)29.832015105
Forest area change (%) 1990-20157.37201550
Energy
Electricity - production (kWh)56,710,000,000201145
Electricity - consumption (kWh)52,360,000,000201045
Electricity - imports (kWh)1,400,000,000201259
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)21,770,000201035
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)55.102010142
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)30.10201079
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)6.50201044
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)8.60201029
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)101,600201250
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)1,604201069
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)122,000201088
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)600,000,000201046
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)218,700201198
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)218,2002011103
Natural gas - production (cu m)10,630,000,000201140
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)13,480,000,000201080
Natural gas - exports (cu m)02011168
Natural gas - imports (cu m)2,850,000,000201142
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)105,500,000,000201352
Prices
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015114.21201599
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-20143.70201481
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-20144.302014119
Human security
Refugees by country of origin1,735201582
Internally displaced persons---2015
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)25.87201579
Orphaned children---2014
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-2015143201587
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-20141.502014143
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 20122.902012110
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201218201252
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-201524.00201557
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-20152.00201547
Safety Index (Numbeo)71.47201722
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)28.53201789
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.06201545
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)34.58201598
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)90.55201544
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)94.602015147
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)94.28201575
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)1.022015121
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-20150.93201596
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)0.742015169
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)44.60201556
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)31.20201458
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)11.952015150
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)30.32201576
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-20131201344
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/20150.2520157
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014---2014
Coefficient of human inequality10.822015114
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 201020158.402015126
Inequality in education (%)4.562015135
Inequality in income (%)19.50201595
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-20154.092015133
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-20150.962015133
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-201527.452015132
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)27.402010126
GINI index (World Bank)27.552016119
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)21.602017124
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)36.452017122
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)3.63201718
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)8.83201719
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)17.9020177
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP0.002011119
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP975,000.00201163
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP5,000,000.00201150
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 203033.60201534
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)0.302016108
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)0.27201681
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.312003121
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.172003136
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.242003155
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