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Country statistics and country information Malawi

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Geography
Area (sq km)118,4842015100
Coastline (km)02017213
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.482015170
HDI rank170201519
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)16201139
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)170201119
Population
Total population17,215,200201564
Population in 203026,583,800201561
Average annual growth (%) 2000/20052.60201538
Average annual growth (%) 2010/20153.06201516
Urban population (%) 201516.272015190
Population under age 52,954,000201549
Population Age 15-648,849,000201566
Population age 65 and older592,000201589
Median age (years)17.192015174
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)87.85201511
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 20156.702015123
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20056.10201513
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20155.25201515
Mother's mean age at first birth18.902010129
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)46.10200593
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-20156.002015166
Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)63.882015152
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-201542.40201513
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 100043.40201538
Mortality rates Under-five per 100064.00201534
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201518.83201595
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)634201513
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.00000.192014188
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)1.302010142
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.00063201227
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.00017.00201451
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.0009.1020159
Infants lacking immunization DTP 20143.002014101
Infants lacking immunization Measles 201415.00201453
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB6.00201441
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015139.00201530
Education
Expected years of schooling (years)10.752015148
Mean years of schooling (years)4.402015164
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-201565.792015125
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-201575.202015128
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-201574.922015135
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-20161.3920144
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-20146.88201414
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 20019.582015150
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-2015---2015
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-201146.5120152
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 201039.492015155
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-20.802015158
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho50.88201512
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-201590.81201556
Economy
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)1,073.292015186
GDP - per capita (PPP)900.002013217
GDP - per capita (PPP)1,112.992011180
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)15,020,000,000.002013142
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)19.162011138
GDP - real growth rate (%)5.00201357
Exports in US-Dollar1,427,000,000.002013147
Imports in US-Dollar2,420,000,000.002013154
External Debt in US-Dollar1,556,000,000.002013148
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-201440.06201354
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)26.9020134
Industrial production growth rate (%)2.802013110
Current account balance0.00201391
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold364,200,000.002013151
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home---2013
Market value of publicly traded shares1,384,000,000.002011146
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-1.40201369
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-2014---2014
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-2014---2014
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-2014---2014
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-201515.142015163
Total debt service (% of GNI) 20141.11201486
Employment
Labor force5,747,000201367
Employment to population ratio 201575.53201516
Labour force participation rate 201580.99201513
Employment in agriculture 2010-201464.10201410
Employment in services 2010-201428.502014121
Unemployment Total 20156.74201595
Unemployment Youth 20158.882015139
Youth not in school or employment 2010-201416.70201452
Vulnerable employment 2005-2014---2014
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)39.0020154
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-201387.6120136
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)562015164
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population4.102013161
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/2014-3.38201586
Traffic
Airports32.002016113
Roadways (km)15,450.002010120
Railways (km)797200899
Waterways (km)700.00201511
Military
Military expenditures (% of GDP)0.932013104
Agriculture
Irrigated land (sq km)735.002008105
Communication
Telephones - main lines in use227,3002012125
Telephones - mobile cellular4,420,0002012117
Internet users716,4002009108
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)0.082013185
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)956,9002011166
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/20130.82201594
Total renewable water resources (cu km)17.282011124
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-20147.85201568
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-201410.79201438
Forest area (% of total land area)33.38201588
Forest area change (%) 1990-2015-19.222015154
Energy
Electricity - production (kWh)1,973,000,0002011135
Electricity - consumption (kWh)1,835,000,0002010141
Electricity - imports (kWh)02012167
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)287,0002010150
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)0.302010206
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)99.7020104
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)0.002010185
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)0.002010199
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)2002012116
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)02010150
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)02010140
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)02010158
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)02011219
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)12,0602011197
Natural gas - production (cu m)02011161
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)02010217
Natural gas - exports (cu m)02011142
Natural gas - imports (cu m)0201192
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)02013165
Prices
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015250.6220155
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-20147.63201421
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-201423.6020143
Human security
Refugees by country of origin4262015111
Internally displaced persons---2015
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)514.47201516
Orphaned children990,000201413
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-2015732015143
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-20141.802014136
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 20128.90201223
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201224201230
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-201531.00201537
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-20151.70201549
Safety Index (Numbeo)---2017
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)---2017
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.032015171
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)136.1620156
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)---2015
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)147.9620151
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)37.542015150
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)0.952015145
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-20150.622015142
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)1.112015111
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)---2015
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)---2014
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)16.672015114
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)28.292015107
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-2013---2013
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/2015-0.53201527
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014-4.20201436
Coefficient of human inequality31.14201533
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 2010201532.70201528
Inequality in education (%)28.21201551
Inequality in income (%)32.50201529
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-20159.61201541
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-20152.56201532
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-201546.12201531
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)39.00201068
GINI index (World Bank)46.10201622
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)37.50201716
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)52.40201717
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)2.20201784
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)5.40201796
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)13.302017113
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP10,800,000.00201111
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP13,400,000.00201121
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP14,500,000.00201127
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 20305.602015169
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)0.83201614
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)0.29201674
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.67200344
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.60200356
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.8220034
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