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Country statistics and country information Madagascar

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Area (sq km)587,041201547
Coastline (km)4,828201728
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.512015158
HDI rank158201531
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)25201110
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)157201132
Total population24,235,400201552
Population in 203035,960,300201551
Average annual growth (%) 2000/20053.00201523
Average annual growth (%) 2010/20152.79201524
Urban population (%) 201535.112015153
Population under age 53,770,000201536
Population Age 15-6413,440,000201552
Population age 65 and older687,000201583
Median age (years)18.722015156
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)75.22201532
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 20155.122015161
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20055.28201533
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20154.50201535
Mother's mean age at first birth19.502010121
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)39.902005105
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-201583.002015113
Life expectancy at birth (years)65.522015143
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-201549.2020155
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 100035.90201548
Mortality rates Under-five per 100049.60201545
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201516.872015146
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)353201534
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.00001.612014155
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)0.202010189
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.00041201235
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.00051.00201419
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.0000.40201575
Infants lacking immunization DTP 201417.00201423
Infants lacking immunization Measles 201436.00201418
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB1.472014175
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015227.00201513
Expected years of schooling (years)10.352015154
Mean years of schooling (years)6.152015138
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-201564.662015128
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-201564.782015136
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-201565.362015141
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-20141.72201425
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-20142.082014136
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 200---2015
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-201513.892015154
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-201146.7520151
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 201038.432015158
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-24.252015151
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho59.9520157
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-201516.662015115
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)1,319.702015183
GDP - per capita (PPP)1,000.002013216
GDP - per capita (PPP)1,373.342011175
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)22,030,000,000.002013128
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)33.282011114
GDP - real growth rate (%)2.602013125
Exports in US-Dollar644,400,000.002013166
Imports in US-Dollar2,794,000,000.002013149
External Debt in US-Dollar3,361,000,000.002013130
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-201427.65201377
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)8.80201322
Industrial production growth rate (%)4.00201373
Current account balance0.002013141
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold1,249,000,000.002013130
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home---2013
Market value of publicly traded shares---2011
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-2.30201394
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-201410.102014121
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-201421.18201476
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-20140.022014121
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-201517.982015155
Total debt service (% of GNI) 20140.90201496
Labor force9,504,000201349
Employment to population ratio 201584.5620151
Labour force participation rate 201586.4420151
Employment in agriculture 2010-201475.3020141
Employment in services 2010-201416.902014130
Unemployment Total 20152.172015169
Unemployment Youth 20153.642015172
Youth not in school or employment 2010-20145.00201498
Vulnerable employment 2005-201486.0020147
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)23.00201534
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-201389.9820133
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)98201577
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population4.602013159
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/2014-1.54201564
Roadways (km)34,476.00201092
Railways (km)854200897
Waterways (km)600.00201515
Military expenditures (% of GDP)0.692013118
Irrigated land (sq km)10,860.00200841
Telephones - main lines in use143,7002012137
Telephones - mobile cellular8,564,000201289
Internet users319,9002009126
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)0.132013179
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)1,843,0002011147
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/20132.15201564
Total renewable water resources (cu km)337.00201129
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-2014---2015
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-20144.32201471
Forest area (% of total land area)21.442015119
Forest area change (%) 1990-2015-8.942015137
Electricity - production (kWh)1,211,000,0002011141
Electricity - consumption (kWh)1,126,000,0002010148
Electricity - imports (kWh)02012165
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)430,0002010143
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)65.602010118
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)34.40201065
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)0.002010180
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)0.002010195
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)02012189
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)02010146
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)02010135
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)02010155
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)02011215
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)17,4802011183
Natural gas - production (cu m)02011156
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)02010214
Natural gas - exports (cu m)02011137
Natural gas - imports (cu m)0201189
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)2,010,000,000201398
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015140.40201536
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-20147.07201429
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-20143.502014128
Human security
Refugees by country of origin2862015123
Internally displaced persons---2015
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)1,966.9720154
Orphaned children---2014
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-2015832015134
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-20140.602014180
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 20126.90201238
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201215201269
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-2015---2015
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-2015---2015
Safety Index (Numbeo)---2017
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)---2017
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.032015168
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)116.16201513
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)14.312015151
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)146.5420152
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)38.062015149
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)1.13201565
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-2015---2015
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)1.67201534
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)37.30201583
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)25.08201474
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)20.53201584
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)25.382015150
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-2013---2013
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/2015---2015
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014---2014
Coefficient of human inequality26.75201550
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 2010201524.80201554
Inequality in education (%)35.01201535
Inequality in income (%)20.44201584
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-20158.62201552
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-20152.13201552
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-201542.65201552
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)47.50201026
GINI index (World Bank)42.55201631
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)33.90201725
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)49.45201729
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)2.30201781
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)5.90201786
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)14.102017104
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP17,000,000.0020118
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP19,850,000.00201111
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP21,200,000.00201119
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 20306.402015150
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)0.86201610
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)0.19201695
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.8820033
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.022003188
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.52200389

Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)

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