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Country statistics and country information Australia

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Area (sq km)7,741,22020156
Coastline (km)25,76020177
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.9420153
HDI rank22015186
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)19201128
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)32011186
Total population23,969,000201553
Population in 203028,481,600201557
Average annual growth (%) 2000/20051.192015109
Average annual growth (%) 2010/20151.57201577
Urban population (%) 201589.42201518
Population under age 51,546,000201575
Population Age 15-6415,881,000201547
Population age 65 and older3,607,000201528
Median age (years)37.48201546
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)28.222015133
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 201522.71201530
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20051.772015139
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20151.922015127
Mother's mean age at first birth30.5020102
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)72.30200532
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-2015100.00201528
Life expectancy at birth (years)82.5420159
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-20152.002015140
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 10003.002015173
Mortality rates Under-five per 10003.802015171
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201524.8920158
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)62015163
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.000032.73201434
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)3.90201056
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.000---2012
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.0000.182014178
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.0000.20201586
Infants lacking immunization DTP 20148.00201450
Infants lacking immunization Measles 20147.00201491
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB6.32201437
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015---2015
Expected years of schooling (years)20.4320151
Mean years of schooling (years)13.1820155
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-2015---2015
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-2015---2015
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-2015---2015
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-201---2014
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-20145.27201447
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 20091.45201533
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-2015109.2320158
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-201106.57201569
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 2010137.5820153
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-286.5520158
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho---2015
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-2015---2015
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)42,822.20201521
GDP - per capita (PPP)43,000.00201321
GDP - per capita (PPP)43,654.60201118
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)998,300,000,000.00201317
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)1,038.16201120
GDP - real growth rate (%)2.502013127
Exports in US-Dollar251,700,000,000.00201321
Imports in US-Dollar245,800,000,000.00201320
External Debt in US-Dollar1,506,000,000,000.00201312
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-2014---2013
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)2.402013133
Industrial production growth rate (%)3.20201391
Current account balance0.002013185
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold48,800,000,000.00201339
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home661,600,000,000.00201313
Market value of publicly traded shares1,198,000,000,000.00201118
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-1.30201365
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-201422.18201435
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-201463.6120141
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-20142.20201414
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-2015177.22201513
Total debt service (% of GNI) 2014---2014
Labor force12,440,000201342
Employment to population ratio 201560.66201570
Labour force participation rate 201564.70201580
Employment in agriculture 2010-20142.602014108
Employment in services 2010-201469.50201440
Unemployment Total 20156.252015104
Unemployment Youth 201513.522015101
Youth not in school or employment 2010-20149.84201479
Vulnerable employment 2005-2014---2014
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)---2015
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-2013---2013
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)---2015
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population83.00201354
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/20140.02201534
Roadways (km)823,217.0020109
Railways (km)38,44520087
Waterways (km)2.00201586
Military expenditures (% of GDP)1.71201351
Irrigated land (sq km)25,460.00200821
Telephones - main lines in use10,470,000201220
Telephones - mobile cellular24,400,000201243
Internet users15,810,000200925
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)16.35201310
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)392,300,000201116
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/20130.242015109
Total renewable water resources (cu km)492.00201121
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-20143.92201581
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-20143.34201481
Forest area (% of total land area)16.242015127
Forest area change (%) 1990-2015-2.952015115
Electricity - production (kWh)225,500,000,000201119
Electricity - consumption (kWh)213,500,000,000201016
Electricity - imports (kWh)02012115
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)59,130,000201016
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)78.70201093
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)13.602010105
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)0.00201091
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)5.10201046
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)519,100201231
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)314,100201025
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)475,900201036
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)1,433,000,000201038
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)675,200201148
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)1,023,000201138
Natural gas - production (cu m)48,240,000,000201119
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)33,390,000,000201052
Natural gas - exports (cu m)30,270,000,000201114
Natural gas - imports (cu m)10,920,000,000201126
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)1,219,000,000,000201323
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015112.052015104
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-20141.362014138
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-2014---2014
Human security
Refugees by country of origin202015164
Internally displaced persons---2015
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)57.46201558
Orphaned children---2014
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-2015151201577
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-20141.002014156
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 20125.20201262
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201216201265
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-201516.90201576
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-2015---2015
Safety Index (Numbeo)57.98201753
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)42.02201758
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.06201526
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)14.132015139
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)107.98201511
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)106.24201564
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)133.6720154
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)0.942015152
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-20151.00201551
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)0.992015134
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)47.40201540
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)36.72201433
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)30.53201539
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)35.65201510
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-2013120133
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/2015-1.37201568
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014---2014
Coefficient of human inequality7.972015135
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 201020154.302015160
Inequality in education (%)1.902015157
Inequality in income (%)17.702015107
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-20155.95201589
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-20151.40201592
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-201534.94201592
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)30.302010119
GINI index (World Bank)34.70201675
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)26.50201780
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)42.00201775
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)2.80201762
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)7.30201756
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)16.10201757
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP100,000.00201175
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP100,000.00201190
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP100,000.002011108
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 203031.30201541
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)0.152016136
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)0.152016112
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.092003171
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.332003105
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.8220033

Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)

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