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Country statistics and country information Kenya

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Geography
Area (sq km)580,367201549
Coastline (km)536201799
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.552015146
HDI rank146201543
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)10201167
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)147201142
Population
Total population46,050,300201530
Population in 203065,411,900201525
Average annual growth (%) 2000/20052.58201541
Average annual growth (%) 2010/20152.65201530
Urban population (%) 201525.622015174
Population under age 57,166,000201518
Population Age 15-6425,462,000201534
Population age 65 and older1,291,000201560
Median age (years)18.932015154
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)75.80201530
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 20155.072015162
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20055.00201541
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20154.44201537
Mother s mean age at first birth19.802010114
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)45.50200597
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-201567.002015132
Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)62.162015160
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-201526.00201555
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 100035.50201549
Mortality rates Under-five per 100049.40201546
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201517.792015121
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)510201519
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.00001.982014147
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)1.402010137
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.00050201232
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.00021.00201441
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.0005.90201511
Infants lacking immunization DTP 201412.00201434
Infants lacking immunization Measles 201421.00201436
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB3.50201499
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015136.00201531
Education
Expected years of schooling (years)11.082015142
Mean years of schooling (years)6.312015132
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-201577.972015107
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-201586.592015114
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-201585.212015119
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-20156.5720146
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-20145.51201443
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 20032.032015132
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-201573.80201576
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-201111.40201541
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 201067.642015125
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-2---2015
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho---2015
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-201596.81201533
Economy
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)2,880.742015156
GDP - per capita (PPP)1,800.002013193
GDP - per capita (PPP)2,901.012011149
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)79,900,000,000.00201381
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)133.59201172
GDP - real growth rate (%)5.10201353
Exports in US-Dollar6,580,000,000.002013105
Imports in US-Dollar15,860,000,000.00201385
External Debt in US-Dollar11,960,000,000.00201395
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-201426.69201379
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)5.80201357
Industrial production growth rate (%)5.10201355
Current account balance0.002013164
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold5,541,000,000.00201390
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home3,273,000,000.00201395
Market value of publicly traded shares---2011
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-4.102013150
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-201415.88201471
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-201440.89201414
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-20140.79201443
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-201545.202015108
Total debt service (% of GNI) 20142.03201471
Employment
Labor force19,670,000201330
Employment to population ratio 201560.91201568
Labour force participation rate 201567.09201562
Employment in agriculture 2010-2014---2014
Employment in services 2010-2014---2014
Unemployment Total 20159.21201569
Unemployment Youth 201517.63201574
Youth not in school or employment 2010-2014---2014
Vulnerable employment 2005-2014---2014
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)26.00201525
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-2013---2013
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)902015109
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population7.902013147
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/20141.30201518
Traffic
Airports197.00201628
Roadways (km)160,878.00201030
Railways (km)2,066200871
Waterways (km)---2015
Military
Military expenditures (% of GDP)1.96201341
Agriculture
Irrigated land (sq km)1,032.00200893
Communication
Telephones - main lines in use251,6002012123
Telephones - mobile cellular30,732,000201233
Internet users3,996,000200959
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)0.302013165
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)12,620,000201194
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/20130.89201593
Total renewable water resources (cu km)30.702011108
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-201410.48201557
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-20142.81201487
Forest area (% of total land area)7.752015154
Forest area change (%) 1990-2015-6.582015130
Energy
Electricity - production (kWh)7,330,000,0002011104
Electricity - consumption (kWh)6,150,000,0002010105
Electricity - imports (kWh)31,000,0002012101
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)1,698,0002010110
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)41.902010167
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)44.80201052
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)0.002010166
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)13.30201016
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)02012180
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)02010135
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)31,0402010112
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)02010145
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)32,2402011134
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)79,4102011134
Natural gas - production (cu m)02011145
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)02010208
Natural gas - exports (cu m)02011124
Natural gas - imports (cu m)02011208
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)02013151
Prices
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015150.19201523
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-20145.84201444
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-20146.00201486
Human security
Refugees by country of origin7,905201556
Internally displaced persons309,000201521
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)11.23201596
Orphaned children2,000,00020147
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-20151182015107
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-20145.90201477
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 20128.40201230
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201224201226
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-201541.20201520
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-20153.50201537
Safety Index (Numbeo)35.61201795
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)64.39201716
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.032015163
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)90.88201528
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)72.70201577
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)111.58201532
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)65.172015124
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)1.032015114
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-20150.822015121
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)1.35201560
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)35.70201590
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)---2014
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)20.81201581
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)26.312015134
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-2013---2013
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/2015-1.26201559
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014-5.60201443
Coefficient of human inequality29.38201539
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 2010201532.10201531
Inequality in education (%)22.90201562
Inequality in income (%)33.15201528
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-201511.56201522
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-20152.91201521
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-201548.51201520
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)42.50201048
GINI index (World Bank)---2016
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)---2017
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP---2011
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP---2011
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP---2011
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 20306.102015156
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)0.85201612
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)0.60201615
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.8620038
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.8920036
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.78200313
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