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Country statistics and country information Italy

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Area (sq km)301,340201572
Coastline (km)7,600201715
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.89201526
HDI rank262015163
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)6201180
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)272011162
Total population59,797,700201523
Population in 203059,100,200201529
Average annual growth (%) 2000/20050.522015148
Average annual growth (%) 2010/20150.072015169
Urban population (%) 201568.96201569
Population under age 52,570,000201554
Population Age 15-6438,197,000201523
Population age 65 and older13,401,00020158
Median age (years)45.8820153
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)21.462015173
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 201535.0820152
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20051.302015169
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20151.432015172
Mother s mean age at first birth30.3020105
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)---2005
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-2015100.00201516
Life expectancy at birth (years)83.3420153
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-2015---2015
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 10002.902015179
Mortality rates Under-five per 10003.502015178
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201525.0920155
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)42015175
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.000037.64201421
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)3.50201065
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.000---2012
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.0000.442014159
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.0000.40201568
Infants lacking immunization DTP 20142.002014113
Infants lacking immunization Measles 201414.00201455
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB6.99201425
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015---2015
Expected years of schooling (years)16.26201526
Mean years of schooling (years)10.87201551
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-201599.16201525
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-201599.9420156
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-201599.9320158
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-20112.032014144
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-20144.14201491
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 20082.33201554
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-201599.93201520
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-201101.892015105
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 2010102.40201538
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-263.46201538
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho1.062015147
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-2015---2015
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)33,573.00201532
GDP - per capita (PPP)29,600.00201349
GDP - per capita (PPP)33,587.10201130
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)1,805,000,000,000.00201311
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)2,042.17201112
GDP - real growth rate (%)-1.802013208
Exports in US-Dollar474,000,000,000.00201310
Imports in US-Dollar435,800,000,000.00201312
External Debt in US-Dollar2,604,000,000,000.0020137
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-2014---2013
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)1.202013185
Industrial production growth rate (%)-2.702013182
Current account balance0.002013150
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold181,700,000,000.00201315
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home466,300,000,000.00201318
Market value of publicly traded shares431,500,000,000.00201142
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-3.302013129
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-201423.60201423
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-201431.64201431
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-20141.29201426
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-2015171.36201515
Total debt service (% of GNI) 2014---2014
Labor force25,740,000201325
Employment to population ratio 201542.522015155
Labour force participation rate 201548.382015166
Employment in agriculture 2010-20143.502014101
Employment in services 2010-201469.50201442
Unemployment Total 201512.12201540
Unemployment Youth 201542.11201515
Youth not in school or employment 2010-201422.04201428
Vulnerable employment 2005-201418.10201483
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)---2015
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-2013---2013
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)150201516
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population81.10201358
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/2014---2015
Roadways (km)487,700.00201014
Railways (km)20,255200813
Waterways (km)2.40201580
Military expenditures (% of GDP)1.69201353
Irrigated land (sq km)39,510.00200815
Telephones - main lines in use21,656,000201213
Telephones - mobile cellular97,225,000201214
Internet users29,235,000200913
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)5.72201355
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)400,900,000201115
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/2013-1.092015141
Total renewable water resources (cu km)191.30201145
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-201428.10201529
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-20140.122014148
Forest area (% of total land area)31.61201598
Forest area change (%) 1990-201522.48201527
Electricity - production (kWh)299,300,000,000201112
Electricity - consumption (kWh)307,200,000,000201012
Electricity - imports (kWh)45,410,000,00020123
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)124,200,00020109
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)65.002010119
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)18.00201095
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)0.002010161
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)15.80201013
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)112,000201247
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)6,300201063
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)1,591,000201014
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)521,300,000201049
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)6,6002011154
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)1,454,000201128
Natural gas - production (cu m)7,800,000,000201146
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)68,700,000,000201018
Natural gas - exports (cu m)324,000,000201147
Natural gas - imports (cu m)67,800,000,00020114
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)62,350,000,000201361
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015107.462015148
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-20142.012014121
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-20145.002014106
Human security
Refugees by country of origin702015145
Internally displaced persons---2015
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)115.77201546
Orphaned children---2014
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-2015862015132
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-20140.802014166
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 20121.902012137
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201282012121
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-201519.00201573
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-20155.00201523
Safety Index (Numbeo)55.41201760
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)44.59201751
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.06201533
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)6.012015172
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)99.03201520
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)101.442015102
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)101.38201545
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)1.07201596
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-20150.95201590
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)1.122015107
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)45.60201551
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)25.03201476
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)30.07201542
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)36.2020155
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-20131201353
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/2015-5.172015132
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014---2014
Coefficient of human inequality11.212015112
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 201020153.002015182
Inequality in education (%)9.862015108
Inequality in income (%)20.76201581
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-20156.69201575
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-20151.42201591
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-201535.16201589
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)31.902010109
GINI index (World Bank)34.66201676
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)25.86201790
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)41.22201787
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)2.06201792
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)6.36201780
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)17.04201727
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP760,000.00201151
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP1,020,000.00201159
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP1,620,000.00201169
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 203048.6020152
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)0.042016151
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)0.042016137
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.112003164
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.112003154
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.302003148

Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)

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