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Country statistics and country information India

AttributeDataYearintern. RankingData source
Geography
Area (sq km)3,287,26020157
Coastline (km)7,000201719
Human Development Index
Human Development Index0.622015131
HDI rank131201558
GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank (2011 PPP $)-42011136
HDI rank (2011 PPP $)131201158
Population
Total population1,311,050,00020152
Population in 20301,527,660,00020151
Average annual growth (%) 2000/20051.65201584
Average annual growth (%) 2010/20151.262015100
Urban population (%) 201532.752015160
Population under age 5123,711,00020151
Population Age 15-64859,993,00020152
Population age 65 and older73,630,00020152
Median age (years)26.622015103
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Young age (0-14)43.89201583
(per 100 people ages 15-64) Old age (65 and older) 20158.56201596
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2000/20053.14201577
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 2010/20152.48201587
Mother s mean age at first birth19.902010112
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)54.80200577
Birth registration (% under age 5) 2010-201572.002015127
Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)68.322015133
Child malnutrition Stunting (moderate or severe) 2010-201538.70201519
Mortality rates Infant 2015 per 100037.90201545
Mortality rates Under-five per 100047.70201548
Life expectancy at age 60 2010/201517.682015127
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births)174201556
Physicians 2001-2014 per 1.00007.022014115
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)0.902010159
Deaths due to Malaria 2012 per 100.0004201251
Deaths due to Tuberculosis per 100.00017.00201449
Deaths due to HIV prevalence, adult 2015 per 100.000---2015
Infants lacking immunization DTP 201410.00201443
Infants lacking immunization Measles 201417.00201447
Public health expenditure 2014 % of GDB1.412014176
Depth of food deficit (kilocalories per person per day) (%) 2013/2015110.00201537
Education
Expected years of schooling (years)11.702015131
Mean years of schooling (years)6.302015135
Literacy rate Adult (% ages 15 and older) 2005-201572.132015119
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Female 2005-201587.242015112
Literacy rate Youth (% ages 15-24) Male 2005-201591.832015101
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 2010-20132.32201441
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2010-20143.83201497
Population with at least some secondary education (% ages 25 and older) 20048.742015109
Gross enrolment ratio Pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 2010-20159.612015158
Gross enrolment ratio Primary (% of primary school-age population) 2010-201110.59201545
Gross enrolment ratio Secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 201068.902015121
Gross enrolment ratio Tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population) 2010-223.89201599
Gross enrolment ratio Primary school dropout rate (% of primary school coho---2015
Primary school teachers trained to teach (%) 2005-2015---2015
Economy
Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)5,663.472015127
GDP - per capita (PPP)4,000.002013165
GDP - per capita (PPP)5,730.142011122
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)4,990,000,000,000.0020133
GDP (purchasing power parity, $)7,512.5020113
GDP - real growth rate (%)3.202013107
Exports in US-Dollar313,200,000,000.00201318
Imports in US-Dollar467,500,000,000.00201311
External Debt in US-Dollar412,200,000,000.00201328
External debt stock (% of GNI) 2005-201422.69201391
Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)9.60201316
Industrial production growth rate (%)0.902013152
Current account balance0.002013189
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold295,000,000,000.00201310
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home310,000,000,000.00201320
Market value of publicly traded shares1,015,000,000,000.00201126
Budget surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-5.702013174
Total tax revenue (% of GDP) 2005-201410.832014118
Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP) 2005-201444.84201411
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2005-20140.82201440
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 2010-201576.75201557
Total debt service (% of GNI) 20144.58201430
Employment
Labor force487,300,00020132
Employment to population ratio 201551.862015130
Labour force participation rate 201553.732015147
Employment in agriculture 2010-201449.70201415
Employment in services 2010-201428.702014120
Unemployment Total 20153.482015154
Unemployment Youth 20159.702015134
Youth not in school or employment 2010-201427.18201420
Vulnerable employment 2005-201480.80201411
Child labour 2009-2015 (% ages 5-14)12.00201561
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day 2004-201352.89201338
Mandatory paid maternity leave 2015 (days)842015128
Old-age pension recipients 2004-2013 (% of statutory pension age population24.102013115
Income quintile ratio Average annual change (%) 2000/2014---2015
Traffic
Airports346.00201621
Roadways (km)4,689,840.0020102
Railways (km)63,97420084
Waterways (km)14.50201550
Military
Military expenditures (% of GDP)2.43201331
Agriculture
Irrigated land (sq km)663,340.0020081
Communication
Telephones - main lines in use31,080,000201210
Telephones - mobile cellular893,862,00020122
Internet users61,338,00020096
Nature and Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)1.592013120
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)1,726,000,00020114
Carbon dioxide emissions - Average annual change (%) 1990/20133.56201533
Total renewable water resources (cu km)1,911.0020119
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 2005-201433.88201523
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2010-20142.94201486
Forest area (% of total land area)23.772015112
Forest area change (%) 1990-201510.55201541
Energy
Electricity - production (kWh)871,000,000,00020115
Electricity - consumption (kWh)698,800,000,00020105
Electricity - imports (kWh)5,700,000,000201236
Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)199,900,00020105
Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)65.802010117
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)19.50201091
Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)2.40201050
Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)12.30201021
Industry and Production
Crude oil - production (bbl/day)990,200201220
Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)02010130
Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)3,272,00020108
Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)5,476,000,000201022
Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)4,216,00020118
Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)3,292,00020118
Natural gas - production (cu m)40,380,000,000201121
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)64,490,000,000201020
Natural gas - exports (cu m)02011117
Natural gas - imports (cu m)16,390,000,000201122
Natural gas proved reserves (cu m)1,241,000,000,000201322
Prices
Consumer price index (2010=100) 2015147.66201525
Domestic food price level (USA = 1.0) 2010-20144.68201464
Domestic food price level Volatility index 2010-20148.40201454
Human security
Refugees by country of origin9,881201550
Internally displaced persons612,000201515
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people)662.05201513
Orphaned children29,600,00020141
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 2004-2015332015180
Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 2010-20143.202014109
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Female 201216.4020126
Suicide rate (per 100,000 people) Male 201226201222
Violence against women ever experienced Intimate partner (%) 2005-201537.20201526
Violence against women ever experienced Nonintimate partner (%) 2005-20150.30201559
Safety Index (Numbeo)55.51201759
Human securiy
Crime Index (Numbeo)44.49201752
Gender gap
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)1.1120155
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)24.482015112
Pre-primary (% of pre-school age female population)9.172015157
Primary (% of primary school-age female population)116.99201517
Secondary (% of secondary school age female population)69.232015121
Youth unemployment rate (female to male ratio)1.012015125
Population with at least some secondary education (female to male ratio) 2005-20150.582015145
Total unempoyment rate (female to male ratio)1.142015102
Share of paid employment in non-agriculture, female (% of total paid employment in non-agriculture)---2015
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)13.76201498
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women)12.212015148
Life expectancy at age 50, female (years)26.602015127
Old-age pension recipients (female to male ratio) 2006-2013---2013
Gender Inequality Index - Average annual change (%) 2005/2015-1.57201576
Poverty and Inequality
Population in multidimensional poverty - Average annual change (%) 2005/2014---2014
Coefficient of human inequality26.49201551
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 2010201524.00201557
Inequality in education (%)39.40201525
Inequality in income (%)16.062015120
Income inequality Quintile ratio 2010-20155.312015104
Income inequality Palma ratio 2010-20151.48201584
Income inequality Gini coefficient (UN) 2010-201535.15201591
Distribution of family income - Gini index (CIA)36.80201080
GINI index (World Bank)35.20201673
Income share held by highest (richest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)29.80201754
Income share held by highest (richest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)44.00201763
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 10% (Average 2010-2016)3.60201721
Income share held by lowest (poorest) 20% (Average 2010-2016)8.30201730
Income share held by third 20% (Average 2010-2016)15.30201774
Number of poor at $1,90 a day in PPP268,100,000.0020111
Number of poor at $3,20 a day in PPP762,900,000.0020111
Number of poor at $5,50 a day in PPP1,096,500,000.0020111
Social values
Old-age ages 65 and older dependency ratio (per 100 people ages 15-64) 203012.50201598
Languages and ethnic groups
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Fearon)0.81201617
Cultural Diversity Index (Fearon)0.6720165
Ethnic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.42200398
Linguistic Fractionalization (Alesina)0.81200319
Religious Fractionalization (Alesina)0.332003141
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